Three Important Tax Preparation Tips


Three Important Tax Preparation Tips

By Kyle Mostransky, LUTCF®, CLTC
Posted on March 5, 2017

We are more than two months into 2017, and that means we are right in the thick of tax season. Many people wait until the end of the year to find ways to minimize their tax bills, but why wait? If you take a proactive approach and implement strategies to lower your annual tax bill at the beginning of the year, you won’t be scrambling come December.

Since your tax bill is based on your taxable income, one of the easiest ways to reduce your tax bill is to reduce your income number. There are multiple ways to accomplish this, such as giving wisely, maximizing retirement accounts, and contributing to a Health Savings Account.

Give Wisely

In 2015 alone, Americans gave $373.25 billion to charities, according to National Philanthropic Trust. Though most people make charitable donations because they want to give back to the community, there are also tax benefits for such generosity.

If you itemize deductions when filing your taxes, all charitable giving to qualified organizations can be included, whether cash, goods, or securities, subject to the IRS’s charitable contribution deduction limits. Because of this, the more you give, the lower your taxable income and final tax bill will be. You do need records of your giving, either through receipts from the charities, canceled checks, or credit card statements. If the IRS ever audits you, you will need this paperwork to back up the deductions on your tax forms.

While charitable giving in the form of cash and goods is generally beneficial for reducing how much you will owe in taxes, there is an additional benefit for those who donate appreciated securities. If you’ve owned a security for more than one year, you can deduct the full fair market value of the security on the date of the gift. In this way, both you and the charity avoid paying capital gains on the appreciation.

Maximize Your Retirement Savings

Your greatest opportunity to lower your taxable income comes from tax-deferred retirement accounts. If your employer offers a 401(k), you can contribute up to $18,000 in 2017. If you are over 50, you can also take advantage of catch-up contributions of an additional $6,000. By maxing out your 401(k), you could potentially reduce your taxable income by $24,000.

Because 401(k)s are only offered through employers, not everyone has the chance to contribute to these accounts. However, anyone with an income can contribute to an IRA. In fact, you don’t even have to have an income to be eligible! If you are married and your spouse earns an income, you can save through an IRA as well, subject to IRS contribution limits. IRA contribution limits for 2017 are $5,500 per person, with an additional $1,000 for those over age 50.

If you take advantage of both types of retirement accounts, you can reduce your taxable income by $23,500, or $30,500 if you are over age 50. That means your tax bill is reduced by $6,580 or $8,540 respectively, if you are in the 28% tax bracket.

Consider a Health Savings Account

An underused yet highly tax-advantaged governmental savings vehicle is the Health Savings Account (HSA). Contributions to HSAs are not taxable, and they grow tax-free as well. The one downside is that they are only available to people with high-deductible health plans.

The 2017 contribution limits for HSAs are $3,400 for an individual or $6,750 for a family. You can also make a $1,000 catch-up contribution if you are over age 55. HSAs roll over from year to year, so you don’t have a deadline for using the funds. You can even invest the funds and build up your HSA to use during your retirement years. All the money in the account must be used for qualified medical expenses, or there will be penalties.

How I Can Help

Tax-reduction methods are an incredible opportunity to save you money, but they can take a fair amount of planning to implement. If you are interested in utilizing any of these methods but don’t feel that you have the knowledge to do so, let us help. As an experienced financial professional, I can help you set up an IRA or donor-advised fund or determine if you are eligible for an HSA. I can also educate you about other tax-reduction methods such as tax loss harvesting, claiming other applicable tax deductions, or timing investment or real estate decisions properly. Call me at 631-425-9383 or email so I can help keep your hard-earned money in your hands.

About Kyle

Kyle Mostransky is the founder of Mostransky & Associates with more than a decade of experience providing retirement planning and insurance services. He specializes in helping successful business owners, families, and individuals grow, protect, and distribute their financial resources in a manner that’s in alignment with their objectives and values. Passionate about education and understanding the life insurance industry, he is a Life Underwriter Training Council Fellow (LUTCF®) and holds the Certified Long-Term Care designation (CLTC®). Based in Huntington, New York, Kyle serves clients throughout the greater New York City metropolitan area and across the country. To learn more, connect with Kyle on LinkedIn or visit

Kyle Mostransky, CLTC, LUTCF®, California Insurance License #0H17709, is a Registered Representative offering securities through NYLIFE Securities LLC, Member FINRA/SIPC, A Licensed Insurance Agency, 15 Green Street, Huntington, NY 11743, (646) 227-8384. Member Agent, The Nautilus Group®, a service of New York Life Insurance Company. New York Life, its agents or employees may not give legal, tax or accounting advice; everyone should seek and rely upon the counsel of his or her own professional advisors. Mostransky & Associates LLC is not owned or operated by New York Life or its affiliates. SMRU 1729068 Exp. 3.24.2019

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